The Richmond Historical Society is a private, non-profit organization founded in 1968 by Lucy Rawlings Tootell. The purposes of the society are to:

• further the study and collection of the oral and written history of the region
• foster the collection, preservation, and archiving of manuscripts and articles of historic interest and
• encourage the preservation and marking of historic sites

Richmond, a town of approximately 50 square miles in Washington County(South County) Rhode Island is bounded by the Wood, Queen, and Pawcatuck rivers and was founded in 1747. It was primarily an agricultural area composed of a number of mill vilages.
The Society meets four to six times annually either at the Bell School (built 1826) in Wyoming, RI or at the Clark Memorial Library in Carolina, RI. These meetings are educational, business, and social in nature. Outside speakers have presented such varied subjects over the years as:

• the town's role in the civil war
• the town's mill villages
• stonewalls of South County
• apple growing in Rhode Island

Officers for the year 2010 are:

• President - Richard Wolke
• Vice-President - Patricia Millar
• Secretary - Johanna Wolke
• Treasurer - Carolyn Richard
• Members at large - Dory Wagner, Babs Whelan and Virginia Williams
• Archivist, Genealogist- Patty Millar

The Society's extensive archives are located at the Clark Memorial library. The archivist is Patricia Millar and the genealogist is Vera Robinson. The Society owns and maintains two buildings: the Bell School and the original Richmond Town Clerk's Office in the historic village of Carolina. It has, in conjunction with a member and the R.I.Historic Preservation and Heritage Commission, placed a marker at the historic stone dam in Hope Valley. It will assist those who own historical houses in placing such markers. Further, the Society presents an award annually to the outstanding history student graduating from the Richmond Elementary School.

The Society has published three books, two of which are still in print and available. They are:

• Driftways into the Past a history of Richmond published in 1977
• Carolina: A Mill Village published in 2003
• "Down Country" Cookin' a book of local recipes published in 1995. This book also contains a series of pen and ink drawings of Richmond houses and local lore.